5 Things You Didn’t Know about Competitive Fencing


You may be well versed in the modern sport, but how many of these historical facts did you already know?

  1. Fencers don’t really duel anymore … do they?

Well, not anymore. But as recently as the 1924 Olympics, the captain of the Italian foil team and the son of the coach for the Hungarian team entered into a real duel over a scoring controversy. The duel was fought near the Hungarian border with heavy sabres and ended after just two minutes. Supposedly, the Hungarian won by landing a blow to the side of the Italian’s forehead. Thankfully this was not a fight to the death—the duel was stopped but the Italian was temporarily blinded and he required 12 stitches!

  1. The longest official fencing bout ever was …

Over five hours long! The duel was set up by US Olympians in 2005 to raise money for the USFA. The American foilists, Johnathan Tiomkin and Jedidiah Dupree, took a five-minute break each hour and amazingly were still standing even after five hours of combat! Tiomkin made the final touch for the ending score of 208-209. And along with being Olympians they are now both Guinness World Record holders for the longest lasting duel.

There are also rumors of a Masters Championship bout in New York in the 1930s that lasted for seven hours, but that since Guinness didn’t start until 1951, it isn’t official in their book. However, the storied seven-hour bout is supposedly the reason that the 30-minute time limit was introduced. It has since been reduced even further to just three minutes for five-touch bouts and nine minutes for 15 touches.

  1. The reason sabre doesn’t count below the belt …

You may not be aware of the origins of sabre, but it is historically related to fighting in the cavalry. You know, on horses. Because it was considered un-chivalrous to strike a horse during battle, the same rules were applied to the sport. However, since modern day fencers don’t ride horses, the most logical solution was to only count hits above the waist.

There is one sport today that combines horse riding and fencing. It’s called the modern pentathlon, but the two activities are performed separately in the sequence of disciplines. Maybe it’s time to bring them back together!

  1. The reason our uniforms are white …

Have you ever wondered why fencing uniforms are required to be white? Well, back when fencing was done with the intention of drawing blood, it was easy to spot a hit as the blood leaked through clothing. However, as the sport moved away from doing actual physical harm, fencers used ink dabs at the end of their swords to mark a hit. Obviously, white was the easiest color for the ink dab to show up against. And the rest is fencing history.

  1. But how do they decide what’s a hit and what isn’t?

As you know, your epees are electronically wired to count a touch when it registers 750 grams of force. But where on Earth did that number originate? Well, as we already discussed (and everyone well knows) fencing originated from duels, which were intended to draw blood. As the sport modernized it was important to keep in touch with its roots. 750 grams of force is thought to be as much tension as it takes to break the skin. In a traditional duel, honor was done when first blood was drawn, and thus we still require 750 grams to count a touch.

 

Source :’Academy of fencing masters Blog’

Pammachon: Workshop of Byzantine swordsmanship with the use of paramerion and spathion


 

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The Academy of Historical European Martial Arts ‘Leontes’, presents:
Paramerion and Spathion workshop of Byzantine swordsmanship. The workshop is under the sponsorship of Pammachon – sport branch of the Hellenic Federation of Pankration Athlima.
At Sunday 8/3/2015 and time 11:30-14:30 at the str. 23 I. Metaxa, Paiania, east Attica is going to be Paramerion and Spathion workshop of Byzantine swordsmanship in our club of the ‘Academy of Historical European Martial Arts ‘Leontes’ of East Attica’


Instructor : Mr.George E. Georgas
George E. Georgas is the founder of the Hellenic Academy of Historical European Martial Arts ‘Leontes’. He is certificated fencing instructor of the Hellenic Fencing Federation and also national referee of the Hellenic Fencing Federation at the epee. He is instructor of Meyer Freifechter Guild with the rank of Fecther and he is the Guild Unterhauptman for Greece. He is in the Administration Council of the ‘Pammachon’. He is also instructor of weapon fighting of the Association of Historical studies ‘KORYVANTES’.
The participators of the workshop are going to study following the Hank Reinhardt‘s central canon that the shape of a tool most often defines its use – the trick lies in having the skills to decipher that intent. Moreover, we believe that traditions remain in some shape and form within a region so we based our kinesiology on Greek dance, which many experts believe, has survived unaltered for millennia. We support Tim Dawson‘s position that the movements and strategy outlined in I/33 were present during Byzantine times back to the 11th century. We believe paintings and statues and the photographs of bygone times and that both the human body and the principles of combat have not changed.
Study Program:
Byzantine swordsmanship of 14th-15th century
Α) The guards of paramerion with small shield.
Β) Basic attacks of the upper lines and the deflections and parries of them.
C) The guards of paramerion with free hand or with the sword sheath.
D) Basic attacks of the upper lines and the deflections and parries of them
Ε) The guards of spathion with small shield.
F) Basic attacks of the upper lines and the deflections and parries of them
G) The guards of spathion with free hand or with the sword sheath.
H) Basic attacks of the upper lines and the deflections and parries of them.

Theory :
Α) How the paramirion survived in 400 years of ottoman occupation in Greece with the form of sword staff until the rebellion of 1821.
Β) Similarities of paramerion with the German wooden sword dussack and the teachings of Meyer. How techniques of paramerion adopted from the German school of fencing.
C) Similarities of spathion with the rapier.
Seminar price: 25e
Contact Information:
Mail: g_e_georgas@yahoo.gr
Mobile tel. : 6945876172

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Πάμμαχον : Εργαστήριο Βυζαντινής Οπλομαχίας στη χρήση του παραμήριου και του ξίφους τύπου σπαθίον.


 

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Η Ακαδημία Ιστορικών Ευρωπαϊκών Πολεμικών Τεχνών ‘Λέοντες’, παρουσιάζει :
Εργαστήριο Βυζαντινής οπλομαχίας στη χρήση του παραμήριου (κυρτού σπαθιού) και του ξίφους τύπου σπαθίον .
Το εργαστήριο οπλομαχίας γίνετε υπό την αιγίδα του Παμμάχου – κλάδος άθλησης της Ελληνικής Ομοσπονδίας Παγκρατίου Αθλήματος.


Τη Κυριακή 8/3/2015 και ώρα 11:30-14:30 στη οδό Ι. Μεταξά 23 στη Παιανία θα διεξαγεί εργαστήριο Βυζαντινής οπλομαχίας στη χρήση του παραμήριου και του ξίφους τύπου σπαθίον, στη σχολή της ‘ΑΚΑΔΗΜΙΑΣ ΙΣΤΟΡΙΚΩΝ ΕΥΡΩΠΑΪΚΩΝ ΤΕΧΝΩΝ ‘ΛΕΟΝΤΕΣ’ ΑΝΑΤΟΛΙΚΗΣ ΑΤΤΙΚΗΣ’.
Εισηγητής: κ. Γεώργιος Ε. Γεωργάς.
Ο Γεώργιος Ε. Γεωργάς είναι πιστοποιημένος προπονητής ξιφασκίας της Ε.Ο.Ξ, εθνικός διαιτητής της Ε.Ο.Ξ στο ξίφος μονομαχίας, μέλος του Πάμμαχου και του Meyer Freifechter Guild έχωντας το βαθμό του Fechter , και είναι ο Unterhauptman της συντεχνίας στην Ελλάδα, εκπαιδευτής οπλομαχίας του στο Σύλλογου Ιστορικών Μελετών ‘Κορύβαντες’.

Οι ασκούμενοι πρόκειται να διδαχθούν με βάση τη πρώτη αρχή του Hank Reinhardt, ότι η μορφή ενός εργαλείου καθορίζει τη χρήση του. Έτσι τα Βυζαντινά όπλα έχουν συγκεκριμένη μορφή, που γνωρίζουμε, και άρα γνωρίζουμε και τη χρήση τους.

Θέμα: Βυζαντινή οπλομαχία του 14ου-15ου μ.Χ. αιώνα

Α) Θέσεις φυλάξεως του παραμήριου με μικρή ασπίδα.

Β) Βασικές επιθέσεις των πάνω γραμμών και αποκρούσεις και εκτροπές αυτών.

Γ) Θέσεις φυλάξεως του παραμήριου με ελεύθερο χέρι ή με τη θήκη του σπαθιού.

Δ) Βασικές επιθέσεις των πάνω γραμμών και αποκρούσεις και εκτροπές αυτών.

Ε) Θέσεις φυλάξεως του ξίφους τύπου σπαθίον με μικρή ασπίδα.

Στ) Βασικές επιθέσεις των πάνω γραμμών και αποκρούσεις και εκτροπές αυτών.

Ζ) Θέσεις φυλάξεως ξίφους τύπου σπαθίον με ελεύθερο χέρι ή με τη θήκη του σπαθιού.

Θ) Βασικές επιθέσεις των πάνω γραμμών και αποκρούσεις και εκτροπές αυτών.

Θεωρητικά θέματα :

Α) Πως το παραμήριο επιβίωσε στη Τουρκοκρατία με τη μορφή του ραβδό – σπαθιού μέχρι την απελευθέρωση.

Β) Ομοιότητες του παραμήριου με το Γερμανικό εκπαιδευτικό ξύλινο σπαθί dussack και τη σχολή του Meyer. Πως τεχνικές του παραμήριου αφομοιώθηκαν από τη Γερμανική σχολή οπλομαχίας.

Γ) Ομοιότητες του ξίφους σπαθίον με το rapier.

Δ) Πως ανακατασκευάζετε η Βυζαντινή οπλομαχία και πάνω σε πιες πηγές και με τι ερεύνα αναπτύσσεται.

Θα ακολουθήσει ελεύθερη συμβολή ανάμεσα στους ασκούμενους (free sparring)

Κόστος σεμιναρίου 25ε

Πληροφορίες:

mail: g_e_georgas@yahoo.gr

κιν.τηλ: 6945876172

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