The last emperor


Constantine XI Palaiologos

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Byzantine Marching Order for defiles and Roman Territory


Key :
(late 10th century)

(a) advance guards;
(b) vanguard;
(c 1) cavalry center division;
(c 2) cavalry right wing;
(c 3) cavalry left wing;
(c 4) cavalry center / second line;
(d 1) infantry center;
(d 2) infantry right wing;
(d 3) infantry left wing;
(d 4) infantry rearguard;
(e) baggage / seige train;
(f) rearguard;
(g) emperor and household troops;
(h) outriders / flank scouts.

 

From : ‘Byzantium Novum Militarium

Byzantine Army Field Marching Plan


Marching Order for a field army in enemy territory, late 10th century.

Key :

(a) advance scouts;
(b) vanguard;
(c 1) cavalry center division;
(c 2) cavalry right wing;
(c 3) cavalry left wing;
(c 4) cavalry center / second line;
(d 1) infantry center;
(d 2) infantry right wing;
(d 3) infantry left wing;
(d 4) infantry rearguard;
(e) baggage / seige train;
(f) rearguard;
(g) emperor and household troops;
(h) outriders and flank scouts;

From : ‘Byzantium Novum Militarium